EFFECT OF THE HAUNCH ANGLE AND STIFFENER TYPES ON COLUMN-BEAM CONNECTION BEHAVIOUR UNDER STATIC LOADING

EFFECT OF THE HAUNCH ANGLE AND STIFFENER TYPES ON COLUMN-BEAM CONNECTION BEHAVIOUR UNDER STATIC LOADING

Journal of Civil Engineering Beyond Limits (CEBEL)
Volume 3 - Issue 4 - October 2022

Mohammad Saber SADID Zeynep Yaman Mohammad Manzoor Nasery

Abstract

The strong column-weak beam principle, one of the earthquake resistant building design theories, require the connection area to be strong enough so that the plastic hinge forms in the beam. One of the proposed solutions is to strengthen the column-beam connection zone in steel connection with haunches. This study aims to look at parametrically behavior of column-beam haunched connections under the 100mm vertical displacement controlled loading using the finite element method. To obtain this, a total number of 21 finite elements model with 15, 30, and 45 degrees angles and 6 various stiffener types has been modeled by ABAQUS software. The research later discussed behavior of underlying components of haunch connections models such as the load-displacement curve, bearing capacity, extended end plate bending, stress distribution, and the position of the plastic hinge's development after finite element analysis. The study found that decrease in haunch angle improve the connection's bearing capacity, while in this case, the failure modes and plastic hinges will occur close to the joints which does not meet the code requirements. The article concludes that the 30-degree haunch angle is the most appropriate one in haunch connection and the three parallel and K-stiffeners is the most suitable reinforcement type for the haunched connections.

Keywords

Column-beam connection, Haunch, Haunch Angle, Stiffeners, Finite element method, Load-Bearing capacity, Abaqus,
https://doi.org/10.36937/cebel.2022.1777