Determination of Operational Efficiency in Urban Public Transport Lines

Determination of Operational Efficiency in Urban Public Transport Lines

Civil Engineering Beyond Limits (CEBEL)
Volume 2 - Issue 1 - January 2021

Ahmet ATALAY Ömer Faruk BİRCİK


The increasing number of urban centers and the increasing number of vehicles caused by industrialization caused problems such as lack of infrastructure in traffic, environmental pollution and an increase in energy requirements. This situation led the city administrators to search for solutions in order to improve the efficiency of public transportation systems and increase their efficiency. In this study, it is aimed to determine the functional efficiency of the bus lines used in urban public transportation. For this purpose, the lines are classified according to their functional activities by using the functional data of the lines. Both classical cluster analysis and self-organizing mapping (SOM) method were used for classification. Data from Erzurum main public transport lines were used to implement the methods. According to the findings of this study, it was determined that the two methods achieved similar results. As a result, it has been determined that classification of public transportation lines used in cities according to their functional efficiency will be beneficial for decision makers to make correct planning. With the right planning in public transport lines, significant economic and environmental benefits will be obtained.


public transportation, operational efficiency, clustering analysis, k-means clustering, self-organizing mapping