Ultra low loss and dispersion flattened microstructure fiber for terahertz applications

Ultra low loss and dispersion flattened microstructure fiber for terahertz applications

Brilliant Engineering (BEN)
Volume 1 - Issue 3 - July 2020

Md. Ahasan Habib and Habib

Abstract

In this paper, a rectangular core hexagonal lattice porous core photonic crystal fiber (PC-PCF) is reported for effectively guiding the terahertz light signal. Finite element method with circular perfectly matched layer boundary condition is employed to find out the propagation characteristics of this proposed porous core fiber. Extensive simulation results of that microstructure fiber over wide frequency range shows that very low effective material loss of 0.035 cm-1, large effective area of 1.79×10-7 m2 and high core power fraction of 36% can be obtained simultaneously. In addition, for same designing condition nearly zero flattened dispersion of 0.46 ± 0.07 ps/THz/cm can be achieved over 600 GHz frequency band in terahertz range. Furthermore, other important parameters like single mode operation, confinement loss and bending loss are also investigated rigorously for the proposed fiber. The excellent results of this optical waveguide will pave the way to implement it in various real life terahertz applications.

Keywords

porous core PCF; terahertz; low absorption loss; dispersion; confinement loss.
https://doi.org/10.36937/ben.2020.003.001